Granny Smith The ‘Granny Smith’ is an apple cultivar, which originated in Australia in 1868. It is named after Maria Ann Smith, who propagated the cultivar from a chance seedling. The tree is thought to be a hybrid of the European Wild Apple, with the domestic apple as the polleniser. The tree is vigorous and sets crops early. This is a late maturing variety and is ideal for areas with a long growing season. Granny Smith produces large, round fruit. It has hard, light green skin and crisp, juicy flesh. They go from being completely green to turning yellow when overripe. The acidity mellows significantly on ripening, and it takes on a balanced flavour. Granny Smith is much more easily preserved in storage than other apples, in the right conditions Granny Smiths can be stored without loss of quality for as long as a year. Though also consumed raw, it is one of the most popular cooking apples. Consumers like it for its tart, crisp and juicy flavor and outstanding keeping qualities. It is popularly used in many apple dishes, such as apple pie, and apple cake. Granny Smith is one of several apple cultivars that are high in antioxidant activity, and they boast the highest concentration of phenols amongst the apple breeds. Some sources recommend Granny Smiths (among other apples) as a particularly efficient source of antioxidants, especially if eaten with the skin intact. Granny Smiths are also naturally low in calories and high in dietary fiber and potassium, making them commonly recommended as a component of healthy and weight-loss diets.Melrose Melrose is a modern cultivar which was developed by Freeman S. Howlett at the Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station in Ohio, United States, and is regarded as the official apple of that state. This apple was released during World War II and was obtained from a cross between the Jonathan and the Red Delicious apples. The trees are heavily growing with thick to widely spherical crown. They are susceptible to powdery mildew and scab. The blooming period is moderately late (15th – 30th April). The fruit ripen in the end of September. The fruit are flattened and round, large (200 g), streaked and flushed with dark red over a background of yellowish-green skin, with spots of russet. The flesh is creamy white, of firm and coarse texture, and juicy. The flavor is mildly acidic, with slight fresh aroma and of extremely high quality. In natural environment the apples can be stored until the end of January, when refrigerated – until March – April. Melrose is an aromatic apple, suitable for those who prefer the sweet-sour tasting fruit. It is widely used in confectionary and is suitable for drying.Mollie’s Delicious The Mollie’s Delicious apple variety originates from the Golden Delicious and Red Gravenstein and was introduced in 1948 in the United States. Its flowering period is late season and it is a variety very resistant to cedar apple rust. A very good to excellent early ripening apple. It is ready to harvest it the second half of August. The Mollie’s Delicious apple is a large, conical-shaped apple, often with ribbing. It has pinkish-red skin overlaid on a yellow background. Its creamy yellow or greenish flesh has a firm, crisp, and grainy texture. These apples bruise somewhat easily, but are otherwise hardy. The skin of Mollie’s Delicious, as well as its flesh, is aromatic. It has a sweet flavor balanced by a pleasantly tart acidity with notes of lemonade. This variety is perfect for a raw snack, cooking, canning. Mollie’s Delicious can be used for pies, chutney, jams, and applesauce, as well as for eating out of hand. As with other apples, pair Mollie’s Delicious with sharp cheddar cheese, cinnamon, and brown sugar. Mollie’s Delicious is a particularly good storage variety—it can last up to 10 weeks in proper cool, dry storage such as in the refrigerator.Red Jonaprince The deep red hue shows on all the apples (even shaded fruit) at the same time and in many cases the coloring comes earlier than on other strains of Jonagold. Red Jonaprince hails from The Netherlands and was discovered at a fruit cultivation farm in 1994. Jonaprince has the large size and excellent flavor of its parent, Jonagold Prince, plus the advantage of better storage and flavor keeping qualities when compared to other Red Jonagold sorts. When young the trees grow rather vigorously, later moderately, favourable horizontal branch arrangement. Flowering period is mid-season. Its productivity is excellent, early and regular. The fruit are ready to harvest in the third week of September. The apples are large, of deep red colour. Red Jonaprince has a very high hardness. The flesh is sweet-sour and henceforth very tasty. When cooled, the apples can be stored until the beginning of January Red Jonaprince fruits contain an extremely high level of the healthy substance anthocyanin, which is a strong antioxidant.Red Topaz Topaz is a disease-resistant variety from the Czech Republic that made its commercial debut in 1990. The small but active Czech Republic apple industry has been in the forefront of developing new disease-resistant varieties, including the scab-resistant Topaz and its parents, Rubin and Vanda. Topaz is a medium to large apple with a red blush over a yellow skin. Its cream-coloured flesh is crisp, and its flavor, initially more tart than sweet, mellows some in storage. Its redder strain is known as Crimson Topaz or Red Topaz.Florina Florina which is also called Querina, is a French cultivar of domesticated apple, that has combined traits of the Jonathan, Golden Delicious and Rome Beauty apples. Although developed in France its ancestry is entirely American. The tree is heavily growing with thick conically-shaped crown. Blooms moderately late. Reaches full ripeness around 25th – 30th Septmber. Florina bears medium to large, spherically-conical fruit. The main colour of the fruit is yellow-green, almost entirely covered by red to dark red stripes. Its flesh is creamy-coloured, mild, medium firm, juicy, a blend of sweet and tart, aromatic and of good quality. In cool storage the fruit can be kept for six months. The Florina apples are resistant to the economically most significant disease on apples – scab. They are also very slightly susceptible to powdery mildew and fire blight. This allows for its successful growing with the use of less fungicides and the obtaining of ecologically cleaner fruit. Florina is among the most desired apple varieties for fresh eating. It is sometimes used in cookery too. When added to the raw material for the production of fruit juice it defines the captivating aroma and intense sweetness of the product.Fresco Wellant Wellant apples are a modern variety of from the Netherlands. The Wellant brand is currently owned by a Dutch cooperative consortium called Inova Fruit. The parentage includes Elise, another Dutch-developed apple. They were developed in 1987. The blossoming period of this variety is mid-range. The trees are moderately growing with fairly low susceptibility to scab. Wellant apples are on the large size, and look like classic apples. They have a green-yellow background overlaid with a dark red color, with some minimal russeting. The flesh is yellow-white, and very juicy, yet crunchy. The flavor is robustly intense with a strong aroma, more sweet than tart. This apple is mostly known as a dessert variety. However, Wellants also make a good cooking apple. Try this Dutch apple with some mild Dutch cheeses such as Gouda or Edam. For cooking, apples pair well with spices such as cinnamon and nutmeg, as well as pork for savory dishes. Wellants are exceptional storage apples, and can last up to eight months in proper cool, dry conditions.Sharden A French cultivar, barely known by the local producers and consumers. It was developed by crossbreeding of Golden Delicious and Reinette Clochard in 1958. The cultivar was tested until 1971 in France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Italy. It was imported in Bulgaria in 1975. It is a basic standard cultivar. The tree is thickly growing with a wide spherical crown. Its blooming period is moderately late. It is fairly less susceptible to scab and powdery mildew than the Golden Delicious. The Sharden fruit are large to extra large (180-200 gr), with spherically conical shape, yellow-green coloured. The flesh has a mild creamy to light yellow colour, thick, juicy, sweet-sour tasting, fragrant, of very high quality. The fruit is ripe and ready to harvest in the beginning of October. These apples need to be carefully handled and transported. They can be stored in natural environment up to 3-4 months, and if refrigerated – up to 6 months. The Sharden apples are fragrant and juicy. Their crisp sweet-sour taste makes them one of the preferred varieties of apples to eat fresh. The intense aroma makes them suitable for use in the preparation of a wide variety of cakes and pies, as well as in the production of fruit juice.